There are three primary types of regenerative surgery:

  • Bone Grafting – Based on the pattern of bone loss around teeth as a result of gum disease, regeneration of some or all of the lost bone can be accomplished by bone grafting. A variety of materials and techniques have been developed to stimulate growth in the remaining bone. This process is often performed in conjunction with flap and osseous surgery.

    Diagram showing bone graft material being placed

    Placing bone graft

    Diagram showing the gum sutured after bone grafting

    Gum sutured after bone graft

    Diagram showing bone regeneration after bone grafting

    Patient’s bone regenerates in response to bone graft


  • Guided Tissue Regeneration – It is possible to recreate previously lost tissues in some cases, depending on the type of gum disease and the pattern of tissue/bone destruction that has occurred. This treatment is accomplished by a technique called “Guided Tissue Regeneration.” A number of bio-compatible materials, alone or in combination, can aid the body in producing new bone and gum tissue. The objective of this technique is similar to that of bone grafting. During the procedure, a bio-compatible membrane is placed to isolate the area of bone damage around the tooth, creating an environment for new bone to form. This procedure is often performed in conjunction with flap and osseous surgery.

    Diagram showing a membrane being placed to isolate the missing bone area

    Diagram showing the gum sutured

    Diagram showing new bone forming and the membrane dissolving

    New bone forming, membrane dissolving

    Diagram showing the healed area

    Final healing


  • Cell Stimulation – This technique, done in conjunction with flap and osseous surgery, uses an implantable protein material that stimulates new attachment between the tooth and the surrounding bone.

    Diagram showing bone missing due to periodontal disease

    Periodontal breakdown

    Diagram showing cell stimulating material being applied to the affected area

    Cell stimulating material applied

    Diagram showing the gum sutured

    Gum sutured

    Diagram showing newly regenerated bone

    Bone regenerated

Click here to go back to regenerative surgical procedures on periodontal disease treatment page.

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