There are three primary types of regenerative surgery:

Bone Grafting

Based on the pattern of bone loss around teeth as a result of gum disease, regeneration of some or all of the lost bone can be accomplished by bone grafting.

A variety of materials and techniques have been developed to stimulate growth in the remaining bone. This process is often performed in conjunction with flap and osseous surgery.

Diagram showing bone graft material being placed

Placing bone graft

Diagram showing the gum sutured after bone grafting

Gum sutured after bone graft

Diagram showing bone regeneration after bone grafting

Patient’s bone regenerates in response to bone graft

Guided Tissue Regeneration

It is possible to recreate previously lost tissues in some cases, depending on the type of gum disease and the pattern of tissue/bone destruction that has occurred. This treatment is accomplished by a technique called “Guided Tissue Regeneration.”

A number of bio-compatible materials, alone or in combination, can aid the body in producing new bone and gum tissue. The objective of this technique is similar to that of bone grafting.

During the procedure, a biocompatible membrane is placed to isolate the area of bone damage around the tooth, creating an environment for new bone to form. This procedure is often performed in conjunction with flap and osseous surgery.

Diagram showing a membrane being placed to isolate the missing bone area Diagram showing the gum sutured
Diagram showing new bone forming and the membrane dissolving Diagram showing the healed area

Final healing

Cell Stimulation

This technique, done in conjunction with flap and osseous surgery, uses an implantable protein material that stimulates new attachment between the tooth and the surrounding bone.

Diagram showing bone missing due to periodontal disease

Periodontal breakdown

Diagram showing cell stimulating material being applied to the affected area

Cell stimulating material applied

Diagram showing the gum sutured

Gum sutured

Diagram showing newly regenerated bone

Bone regenerated

Click here to go back to regenerative surgical procedures on the periodontal disease treatment page.

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